Energy savingIt is a set of measures to reduce the degree of negative impact on the environment, as well as to save money on the purchase of energy resources.
The Energy Saving and Efficiency Program is a document that establishes certain rules in the field of energy conservation for specialized organizations.
Which institutions and organizations should implement energy saving programs:
organizations whose activities are subject to government regulation;
state and municipal institutions;
companies dedicated to the production or transportation of fuels and energy resources (fuels and energy resources);
organizations in which the energy efficiency and energy savings program is funded from the local (federal) budget;
organizations that annually spend more than 50 million rubles on fuel and energy resources.
Purpose of the program- saving heat and electricity, natural gas, fuel, water, etc. , competent use of resources, as well as the organization of a general comprehensive approach in the performance of various energy saving procedures.
The planned objectives are achieved by:
increase the productivity of electricity and heat supply, water supply and sewerage systems;
use of highly efficient equipment and materials;
introduction of the latest and proven energy saving technologies;
installation of measuring devices;
organizing various actions aimed at the economic use of energy and resources. For example, training employees, monitoring the operation of heating equipment, tracking the dynamics of energy consumption, etc.
Based on these regulatory documents, an energy saving program is being developed:
"On energy saving and increasing energy efficiency";
"On the requirements for regional and municipal programs in the field of energy conservation. . . ";
"On additional measures to stimulate energy conservation";
"On increasing the efficiency of energy and water use. . . "
"On the Procedure for the Establishment of Requirements for Programs in the Field of Energy Saving and Increasing Energy Efficiency of Organizations that Perform Regulated Activities"
The above program without fail includes:
Information on objective indicators that can show a decrease in consumption in physical terms and under comparable conditions;
List of energy saving measures (organizational, administrative, technological, aggregate and automation);
Stages of development of this program:
First, the specialists collect data on the consumption of resources during the last year of operation of the company. This is helped by the readings of the measuring devices, as well as by the accounting documents;
Then (if necessary) an energy study of buildings and structures is carried out. The reasons for the unjustified consumption of energy resources are being clarified. The possibilities of energy saving are evaluated;
Objectives and energy consumption indicators are defined. Energy efficiency measures are being developed and the technical and economic indicators for these measures are being calculated. Determine the amount and source of financing;
The energy efficiency program passport is being developed.
Important points in the development and implementation of energy saving programs:
Budget organizations must annually reduce their consumption by at least 3%. Budget fund managers monitor compliance with this requirement and savings greater than 3% remain within the company or institution;
It is forbidden to buy goods that are inefficient in terms of energy consumption. These are incandescent lamps, etc. At least 5% of the lighting fixtures purchased must be LED lamps. At least 10% of the total number of installed insulating glass units must have a low-emission coating;
A mandatory event is the installation of metering devices.
For organizations that carry out regulated activities (transmission of electricity, water, heat, etc. ), the Energy Savings and Efficiency Program is developed for 3 years, if there is an existing investment program, for the duration of the program.