A large part of the funds is spent to pay for utilities. Significant savings in utilities will allow for lower electricity costs. Electricity is necessary in a private home to operate most of the used appliances, however, you can reduce your consumption in a number of ways.
What is electricity consumption for?
To understand how you can save electricity, you need to find out from what the sum of electricity costs is formed:
- lighting devices
- pump unit
- hot water supply
- heating system
- sewer installation
The listed devices account for almost the entire volume of power consumption. The good news is that by making a few changes to how each device works, you can significantly reduce costs without changing your lifestyle.
The main saving factor in pumping and sewerage installations is the wasteful elimination of the work of these stations. It is necessary to choose pumps that do not drive water if it is not needed, and therefore will affect the cost level in a positive direction.
What household appliances affect electricity consumption in a private home?
Significant consumption of electricity is made at the expense of household appliances. Each home has a standard set of appliances that residents need:
- lighting devices
- washing machine
- radio system
- Electric kettle
- a vacuum cleaner
- Kitchen appliances
- video systems, etc.
The main thing you can do to save electricity is to choose your appliances carefully. That is, pay attention to its characteristics, especially the power or the level of electricity consumption per hour.
You can save energy by developing new habits.
To minimize energy costs, you need not only to buy devices with a low energy level, but also to develop several habits:
- predominant use of natural light: get used to the fact that the brightest places in your house are near the window and do not turn on the light when the first cloud appears
- Refusing to use "standby mode": While electrical appliances are in this mode, they still absorb small amounts of electricity.
- if you leave the room, you should turn off the lights, television, or other electrical appliances
To illuminate the interior of the room even at night, you need to use light colors when decorating the interior. Also, the white color will be able to diffuse the light from a bulb more. You can also get mirrored surfaces. For example, if you place a mirror in front of a window or other source of natural light, you will notice that the room has become much brighter.
The previous points mainly try to save on lighting. In fact, with the right approach to using lighting fixtures, you can save up to seventy percent on electricity. To do this, you need to correctly install the lighting devices so that you do not need unnecessary items and do not forget to turn off the lamp when you leave the room.
How can you save on electric heating in a private home?
The main source of electricity costs in a private house is heating. This is due to the fact that a private house has a fairly large area compared to a city apartment, and in order to provide heat throughout the house, a general and intricate system must be installed. However, there are methods by which you can reduce the cost of heating your home:
- roof insulation- It is the roof that serves as an element that "does not release" heat from the house
- warm window installation- Drafts appear due to outdated or improperly installed windows
- wall insulation- you can insulate the walls of your house from the inside or from the outside
- heating system installation
- Air conditioner installation
- selectionthe most appropriateboiler for heating
Most often, the roof is the most unfinished part of the building. More than half of the heat generated within a building can be released in a couple of hours. Mineral tiles that are installed inside the roof will prevent this effect. If your house has an attic, you can insulate the attic floor, but in this case you deprive yourself of the opportunity to use it as a cozy attic.
You also need to make sure your home is as airtight as possible. This is done by installing double-glazed windows. You can use double-glazed windows of any material. Currently, there are technologies that allow even old wooden windows to be "awarded" with thermal insulation characteristics. To prevent winter from entering your house in any way, it is necessary to use windows with a profile of five cameras or more. They will definitely not freeze in the cold and will stay warm indoors for a long period of time.
It should be borne in mind that by insulating walls from the inside, you reduce the internal area of the building, and processing the house from the outside is a more complex process from a technical point of view. It should be noted that the most advantageous option for wall insulation is its external treatment. This is due to the fact that with external heating of the walls, you will be able to provide protection against external factors, for example, temperature fluctuations or precipitation.
The first thing to do to save electricity is to install thermostatic valves on each of the radiators. After that, the heat consumption will immediately decrease by twenty percent. Additionally, balancing valves can be installed to efficiently distribute heat throughout the home. This approach will provide all rooms with an optimal level of heat, without generating unnecessary costs. With the correct installation of the system, you will be able to regulate the heat supply, and as a result, the use of electricity in each season.
We save on air conditioning in other ways
Air conditioning can be attributed to both the heating system and household appliances. It is used in both hot and cold seasons. The first thing to do is choose the right air conditioner. When choosing it, you should pay special attention to the table on the use of electricity, so that you can predict the level of your expenses in advance.
When selecting a heating boiler, special attention should be paid to two characteristics: heat production and fuel type. The boilers can run on gas, diesel or electricity. If your boiler is powered by an outlet, then you need to understand that one cubic meter of the house requires 30 watts of electricity. It is not profitable to buy a boiler whose power exceeds the required.
Currently, there is a system called "smart home". With your help, private homeowners will be able to reduce their electricity bill. This system has several modes. Thanks to her, the light in empty rooms will always be turned off, and in the absence of the owners, the waste of electricity will be automatically minimized.