Electricity is a good of the civilization, but the cost of kilowatt-hours grows gradually and issues of energy saving are becoming more serious and important. What measures can be adopted each one of us, to save not the excess of a penny? Try to understand!
The culture of use of the gadgets and appliances
Let's start with the fact that there's almost no one, network disconnection, battery chargers, televisions, appliances. Battery charger, abandoned in the plug, it is still working, this is known as the idle speed, and the consumption of current in it depends on the circuits, and the power of the device. He has any type of sources of power, such as a transformer, and pulse rate. In any electrical appliances, for example, in valencia, air conditioner, television or tv-tuner there are indicators that the screens, leds, etc That also consume energy, yes, and the power source, for example, when the tv is switched off "remote control" continues to operate in the standby mode. Standby mode the standby mode of the technique, you can expect the signal with the remote control, or set the timer on hours. On this topic, in the network there are a large amount of research, we have collected and average of the data obtained on the consumption of some devices in the "empty" or standby mode, and have narrowed it down in a list:
- - The satellite receiver or a digital tv tuner 5.7 w (50 kw/year);
- - Console — 0.7-1 w (8,7 kw/year);
- - Tv — 0.3-0.5 w (4,4 kw/year);
- - The computer in sleep mode — 3-4 w (35 kw/year);
- - Monitor — 1 w (8,7 kw/year);
- - Binder — 0.5 w (4,4 kw/year);
- - Coffee — 1.5 w (13 kw/year);
- - Washing machine — 0.1 w (0,9 kw/year);
- - Air conditioning — 3-5 w (44 kw/year);
- - Router (he is constantly in operation, so that non-electrical)— 3-5 w (44 kw/year).
If in each case, the figures do not represent savings, but in total there is a considerable number. In addition, any you do not use the appliance, they leave connected to the network is a fire hazard and the fire. Therefore, unplug appliances when you're not using. Also, you should not keep your pc or laptop permanently powered on. The computer with the monitor can consume 100 watts or more, even if it is only idle (and during the games, the consumption can increase, and half of the kilowatt), the average of the portable of 40 to 60 watts. By the way you can already do to the conclusion that, if there is no need of any fixed installation of the machine – binder burn the least amount of energy during work. If now you do not need a computer or laptop – sent in sleep or hibernation mode, while its consumption is reduced to a few watts. Also applies to tablets and mobile phones. Statistics of visits of the sites shows that the largest part of the traffic in 2019 – mobile devices. In addition to small size and autonomy that takes into account and profitability. For example, in the tablet has a battery with a capacity of almost 9000 mah voltage of around 3.7 which tells us that in him the reserve has a capacity of up to 33 w/h. the Manufacturer declares up to 10 hours of uninterrupted service, to confirm and evidence of the explorers. What this means? The fact that the load will go up to the 40-50 Watts of electricity, if we take into account the efficiency of the charger and the own consumption of the tablet in the charging process. This energy is enough for a full day of work or surfing the internet, while a full computer consumes in two more per hour. This, in any case, the advertising of the technique of the apple manufacturer, and only an example. The same can be said of any other of the measuring device in different, it will be simply the number of hours of work and the number of watts necessary to do so. Place the priorities, and clearly identify what device it is sufficient for the job.
Leaving turn off the light!
If in 2019, it is difficult to say something new about the profitability of led and fluorescent lamps, it is not superfluous to remember that it is necessary to use lighting sound. Forgotten in the night of the lighting significantly hit the bag, even when the use of led lamps. Suppose that you leave them turned on a night light in the bathroom or in the hallway, how much does it cost? If we talk about led lamps, the most in demand are the light bulb of power of 7 to 10 watts, will take a higher value. Before going to bed forgot to turn off or deliberately left a light on in one of the rooms, people sleep order of 7-8 hours, then:
10*8 = 80 w/h by the evening will lift the bulb, and in the year:
And if the light comes on in a few rooms all night? Yes it adds to this appliances in standby mode, about which we have spoken of previously? If you are using the incandescent lamp – these figures can be multiplied up to 10 times. In addition to the forgotten of the light bulbs, not all people understand the difference between the general and the local, the lighting and screwed into powerful lamps of the lamp. It significantly reduces the expenditure in lighting, in case of using a table lamp, and the (ceiling) lighting of make less shiny. This will help to a regulator or a fault of the lighting in the group. Also the installation of the motion sensors of the light in these rooms helps you to save money, how to do it, we have told in another article.
The installation of a lot of prices counter essentially helps you to save. Here are a few options – two stacked area and three areas stacked tariffication. For the example of the rates:
- - For a fee of counter – 5.38 (out of r by 1 km/h
- - For the two areas of prices: in the night (from 23:00 to 07:00) 2,29 r for 1 kw/h and in the afternoon (from 07:00 to 23:00) 6.1 r for 1 kw/h;
- - For the three units of consumption of the counters of the night 2,29 r -, sex -, maximum of the area (day and late at night, from 10.00 until 17.00 and from 21.00 to 23.00) — 5.38 (out of p, and the peak hour (in the morning and in the evening from 07:00 to 10:00 and from 17:00 to 21:00) of 7 rubles per 1 kw/h.
Who benefits? Almost all of the day-to-day work of the night, of the house – the cheaper refe washing, bathing (if used with an electric water heater), cooking (if electric hotplate). Also a lot of a counter will reduce the amount of heating, if you have a house or apartment electrical of a self-governing system of induction heating of the boiler, the boiler with the Heat of the Energy Heaters, and others.). So you can, while you're not home, lowering the power of the boiler, or even disable (if slightly icy), and by the arrival home turn and throughout the night for heating the dwelling. Through a free Wifi connection relay, timer, or other means of home automation to make this process automatic, that is to say, the power will be governed without your participation. That is to say, you'll be able to configure the power-on of the heating for an hour before the arrival with the job, not to go into a frozen apartment.
The energy efficiency
The concept of energy efficiency is significant enough and in the eyes of the ordinary people in the mist. In most cases, low power consumption and energy-saving the people who comprise the installation of led or low consumption light bulbs and purchase LED tvs and screens. However, this is not exactly so. The increase in energy efficiency is one of the major current challenges to scientists and engineers, and is referred to as the potentially new technologies and products with different levels of the old principle of action (the same investor for electric motors of compressors of refrigerators, washing machines, or led light sources), and another approach to the method of the habitual administration of the elements and circuits, for example, the increasing frequency of switching power supplies, the optimization of the operation modes of the semiconductor of keys in order to improve the efficiency of appliances in general. Therefore, the entire technique is divided by classes of energy efficiency, it is denoted with Latin letters from a To G, but the more relevant to devices with higher classes — A+, A++ and A+++, and is normalized in such a document as the "directive on the labelling of the energy efficiency label no. 2010/30/eu".
Energy efficiency class is determined on the basis of the amount of electricity consumed in the process of work and a number of other factors, for each type of technology has its own scale. Not to delve in details, we are going to demonstrate the difference in the classroom in a real-world example. In Yandex.the market you select 2 various of a refrigerator with good references and qualifications, but different from the class in energy efficiency. The difference of consumption is almost 2 times. But and the price is different in the middle. But the modern technique of the work of "energy efficiency" is not limited. For energy saving it is important not to lose energy is wasted. This is especially true for those who perform the heating of your home electricity. If you have thin walls and pulls out from under the baseboards and windows – no matter the pot, and to the extent of what is rational to make the heating circuit – anyway will warm the street! The protection against the cold, the sealing of the joints, the use of modern materials in the construction significantly reduces the loss of heat. Have figures is irrational, because they are as a private home, as well as other factors, the type of quality of coupling of the walls, the placement of the blocks, sealing of all the possible places where you can blow (bridges), and the home field of the frequency and force of the wind on your site.
Five rules of saving
- 1. Disconnect the technical unit and charger network, you do not want each time to pull the plug on the network? There are extension cords, electrical outlets, and even the fork with the switch.
- 2. Use energy saving light or led lamp.
- 3. When buying a new refrigerator or washing machine, pay attention to the upper classes
- 4. Install a lot of your counter.
- 5. Inspect the house for heat losses (now a lot of professionals allow inspection with camera) and isolate problems in the area.